Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Closure/Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Closure
A Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) is a hole in the heart that didn’t close the way it should after birth. The condition is relatively common. Most people with a PFO never know they have it. Closure of the PFO is sometimes recommended for individuals with recurrent strokes when no other cause has been found. Using cardiac catheterization, doctors can insert a device that plugs the PFO.
An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall (septum) between the two upper heart chambers (left and right atria). An ASD is among the most common types of congenital heart diseases. Heart problems related to ASD include right heart chamber enlargement, blood leaking backwards in the valve between the right heart chambers (tricuspid valve regurgitation),heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, atrial fibrillation or stroke. Doctors insert a closure device, made of metal and special fabric, into the defective area through a small tube (catheter) to close the hole.
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Closure
A ventricular septal defect (VSD), also called a hole in the heart, is a common heart defect that is present at birth (congenital) or sometimes caused after a heart attack. Doctors can insert a closure device, made of metal and special fabric, into the defective area through a small tube (catheter) to close the hole.